Contract Diff Checker

Contract Name:
FiatTokenV2_1

Contract Source Code:

File 1 of 1 : FiatTokenV2_1

/**
 *Submitted for verification at Etherscan.io on 2021-04-17
*/

// File: @openzeppelin/contracts/math/SafeMath.sol

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

pragma solidity ^0.6.12;

/**
 * @dev Wrappers over Solidity's arithmetic operations with added overflow
 * checks.
 *
 * Arithmetic operations in Solidity wrap on overflow. This can easily result
 * in bugs, because programmers usually assume that an overflow raises an
 * error, which is the standard behavior in high level programming languages.
 * `SafeMath` restores this intuition by reverting the transaction when an
 * operation overflows.
 *
 * Using this library instead of the unchecked operations eliminates an entire
 * class of bugs, so it's recommended to use it always.
 */
library SafeMath {
    /**
     * @dev Returns the addition of two unsigned integers, reverting on
     * overflow.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `+` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Addition cannot overflow.
     */
    function add(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        uint256 c = a + b;
        require(c >= a, "SafeMath: addition overflow");

        return c;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the subtraction of two unsigned integers, reverting on
     * overflow (when the result is negative).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `-` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Subtraction cannot overflow.
     */
    function sub(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return sub(a, b, "SafeMath: subtraction overflow");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the subtraction of two unsigned integers, reverting with custom message on
     * overflow (when the result is negative).
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `-` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Subtraction cannot overflow.
     */
    function sub(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        require(b <= a, errorMessage);
        uint256 c = a - b;

        return c;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the multiplication of two unsigned integers, reverting on
     * overflow.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `*` operator.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - Multiplication cannot overflow.
     */
    function mul(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        // Gas optimization: this is cheaper than requiring 'a' not being zero, but the
        // benefit is lost if 'b' is also tested.
        // See: https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/openzeppelin-contracts/pull/522
        if (a == 0) {
            return 0;
        }

        uint256 c = a * b;
        require(c / a == b, "SafeMath: multiplication overflow");

        return c;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the integer division of two unsigned integers. Reverts on
     * division by zero. The result is rounded towards zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `/` operator. Note: this function uses a
     * `revert` opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity
     * uses an invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function div(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return div(a, b, "SafeMath: division by zero");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the integer division of two unsigned integers. Reverts with custom message on
     * division by zero. The result is rounded towards zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `/` operator. Note: this function uses a
     * `revert` opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity
     * uses an invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function div(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        require(b > 0, errorMessage);
        uint256 c = a / b;
        // assert(a == b * c + a % b); // There is no case in which this doesn't hold

        return c;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the remainder of dividing two unsigned integers. (unsigned integer modulo),
     * Reverts when dividing by zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `%` operator. This function uses a `revert`
     * opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity uses an
     * invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function mod(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        return mod(a, b, "SafeMath: modulo by zero");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Returns the remainder of dividing two unsigned integers. (unsigned integer modulo),
     * Reverts with custom message when dividing by zero.
     *
     * Counterpart to Solidity's `%` operator. This function uses a `revert`
     * opcode (which leaves remaining gas untouched) while Solidity uses an
     * invalid opcode to revert (consuming all remaining gas).
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - The divisor cannot be zero.
     */
    function mod(
        uint256 a,
        uint256 b,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        require(b != 0, errorMessage);
        return a % b;
    }
}

// File: @openzeppelin/contracts/token/ERC20/IERC20.sol

pragma solidity ^0.6.0;

/**
 * @dev Interface of the ERC20 standard as defined in the EIP.
 */
interface IERC20 {
    /**
     * @dev Returns the amount of tokens in existence.
     */
    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Returns the amount of tokens owned by `account`.
     */
    function balanceOf(address account) external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Moves `amount` tokens from the caller's account to `recipient`.
     *
     * Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function transfer(address recipient, uint256 amount)
        external
        returns (bool);

    /**
     * @dev Returns the remaining number of tokens that `spender` will be
     * allowed to spend on behalf of `owner` through {transferFrom}. This is
     * zero by default.
     *
     * This value changes when {approve} or {transferFrom} are called.
     */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender)
        external
        view
        returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @dev Sets `amount` as the allowance of `spender` over the caller's tokens.
     *
     * Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
     *
     * IMPORTANT: Beware that changing an allowance with this method brings the risk
     * that someone may use both the old and the new allowance by unfortunate
     * transaction ordering. One possible solution to mitigate this race
     * condition is to first reduce the spender's allowance to 0 and set the
     * desired value afterwards:
     * https://github.com/ethereum/EIPs/issues/20#issuecomment-263524729
     *
     * Emits an {Approval} event.
     */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);

    /**
     * @dev Moves `amount` tokens from `sender` to `recipient` using the
     * allowance mechanism. `amount` is then deducted from the caller's
     * allowance.
     *
     * Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.
     *
     * Emits a {Transfer} event.
     */
    function transferFrom(
        address sender,
        address recipient,
        uint256 amount
    ) external returns (bool);

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when `value` tokens are moved from one account (`from`) to
     * another (`to`).
     *
     * Note that `value` may be zero.
     */
    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 value);

    /**
     * @dev Emitted when the allowance of a `spender` for an `owner` is set by
     * a call to {approve}. `value` is the new allowance.
     */
    event Approval(
        address indexed owner,
        address indexed spender,
        uint256 value
    );
}

// File: contracts/v1/AbstractFiatTokenV1.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

abstract contract AbstractFiatTokenV1 is IERC20 {
    function _approve(
        address owner,
        address spender,
        uint256 value
    ) internal virtual;

    function _transfer(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 value
    ) internal virtual;
}

// File: contracts/v1/Ownable.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018 zOS Global Limited.
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */
pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @notice The Ownable contract has an owner address, and provides basic
 * authorization control functions
 * @dev Forked from https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/openzeppelin-labs/blob/3887ab77b8adafba4a26ace002f3a684c1a3388b/upgradeability_ownership/contracts/ownership/Ownable.sol
 * Modifications:
 * 1. Consolidate OwnableStorage into this contract (7/13/18)
 * 2. Reformat, conform to Solidity 0.6 syntax, and add error messages (5/13/20)
 * 3. Make public functions external (5/27/20)
 */
contract Ownable {
    // Owner of the contract
    address private _owner;

    /**
     * @dev Event to show ownership has been transferred
     * @param previousOwner representing the address of the previous owner
     * @param newOwner representing the address of the new owner
     */
    event OwnershipTransferred(address previousOwner, address newOwner);

    /**
     * @dev The constructor sets the original owner of the contract to the sender account.
     */
    constructor() public {
        setOwner(msg.sender);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Tells the address of the owner
     * @return the address of the owner
     */
    function owner() external view returns (address) {
        return _owner;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Sets a new owner address
     */
    function setOwner(address newOwner) internal {
        _owner = newOwner;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Throws if called by any account other than the owner.
     */
    modifier onlyOwner() {
        require(msg.sender == _owner, "Ownable: caller is not the owner");
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Allows the current owner to transfer control of the contract to a newOwner.
     * @param newOwner The address to transfer ownership to.
     */
    function transferOwnership(address newOwner) external onlyOwner {
        require(
            newOwner != address(0),
            "Ownable: new owner is the zero address"
        );
        emit OwnershipTransferred(_owner, newOwner);
        setOwner(newOwner);
    }
}

// File: contracts/v1/Pausable.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2016 Smart Contract Solutions, Inc.
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ0
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @notice Base contract which allows children to implement an emergency stop
 * mechanism
 * @dev Forked from https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/openzeppelin-contracts/blob/feb665136c0dae9912e08397c1a21c4af3651ef3/contracts/lifecycle/Pausable.sol
 * Modifications:
 * 1. Added pauser role, switched pause/unpause to be onlyPauser (6/14/2018)
 * 2. Removed whenNotPause/whenPaused from pause/unpause (6/14/2018)
 * 3. Removed whenPaused (6/14/2018)
 * 4. Switches ownable library to use ZeppelinOS (7/12/18)
 * 5. Remove constructor (7/13/18)
 * 6. Reformat, conform to Solidity 0.6 syntax and add error messages (5/13/20)
 * 7. Make public functions external (5/27/20)
 */
contract Pausable is Ownable {
    event Pause();
    event Unpause();
    event PauserChanged(address indexed newAddress);

    address public pauser;
    bool public paused = false;

    /**
     * @dev Modifier to make a function callable only when the contract is not paused.
     */
    modifier whenNotPaused() {
        require(!paused, "Pausable: paused");
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev throws if called by any account other than the pauser
     */
    modifier onlyPauser() {
        require(msg.sender == pauser, "Pausable: caller is not the pauser");
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev called by the owner to pause, triggers stopped state
     */
    function pause() external onlyPauser {
        paused = true;
        emit Pause();
    }

    /**
     * @dev called by the owner to unpause, returns to normal state
     */
    function unpause() external onlyPauser {
        paused = false;
        emit Unpause();
    }

    /**
     * @dev update the pauser role
     */
    function updatePauser(address _newPauser) external onlyOwner {
        require(
            _newPauser != address(0),
            "Pausable: new pauser is the zero address"
        );
        pauser = _newPauser;
        emit PauserChanged(pauser);
    }
}

// File: contracts/v1/Blacklistable.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @title Blacklistable Token
 * @dev Allows accounts to be blacklisted by a "blacklister" role
 */
contract Blacklistable is Ownable {
    address public blacklister;
    mapping(address => bool) internal blacklisted;

    event Blacklisted(address indexed _account);
    event UnBlacklisted(address indexed _account);
    event BlacklisterChanged(address indexed newBlacklister);

    /**
     * @dev Throws if called by any account other than the blacklister
     */
    modifier onlyBlacklister() {
        require(
            msg.sender == blacklister,
            "Blacklistable: caller is not the blacklister"
        );
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Throws if argument account is blacklisted
     * @param _account The address to check
     */
    modifier notBlacklisted(address _account) {
        require(
            !blacklisted[_account],
            "Blacklistable: account is blacklisted"
        );
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Checks if account is blacklisted
     * @param _account The address to check
     */
    function isBlacklisted(address _account) external view returns (bool) {
        return blacklisted[_account];
    }

    /**
     * @dev Adds account to blacklist
     * @param _account The address to blacklist
     */
    function blacklist(address _account) external onlyBlacklister {
        blacklisted[_account] = true;
        emit Blacklisted(_account);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Removes account from blacklist
     * @param _account The address to remove from the blacklist
     */
    function unBlacklist(address _account) external onlyBlacklister {
        blacklisted[_account] = false;
        emit UnBlacklisted(_account);
    }

    function updateBlacklister(address _newBlacklister) external onlyOwner {
        require(
            _newBlacklister != address(0),
            "Blacklistable: new blacklister is the zero address"
        );
        blacklister = _newBlacklister;
        emit BlacklisterChanged(blacklister);
    }
}

// File: contracts/v1/FiatTokenV1.sol

/**
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @title FiatToken
 * @dev ERC20 Token backed by fiat reserves
 */
contract FiatTokenV1 is AbstractFiatTokenV1, Ownable, Pausable, Blacklistable {
    using SafeMath for uint256;

    string public name;
    string public symbol;
    uint8 public decimals;
    string public currency;
    address public masterMinter;
    bool internal initialized;

    mapping(address => uint256) internal balances;
    mapping(address => mapping(address => uint256)) internal allowed;
    uint256 internal totalSupply_ = 0;
    mapping(address => bool) internal minters;
    mapping(address => uint256) internal minterAllowed;

    event Mint(address indexed minter, address indexed to, uint256 amount);
    event Burn(address indexed burner, uint256 amount);
    event MinterConfigured(address indexed minter, uint256 minterAllowedAmount);
    event MinterRemoved(address indexed oldMinter);
    event MasterMinterChanged(address indexed newMasterMinter);

    function initialize(
        string memory tokenName,
        string memory tokenSymbol,
        string memory tokenCurrency,
        uint8 tokenDecimals,
        address newMasterMinter,
        address newPauser,
        address newBlacklister,
        address newOwner
    ) public {
        require(!initialized, "FiatToken: contract is already initialized");
        require(
            newMasterMinter != address(0),
            "FiatToken: new masterMinter is the zero address"
        );
        require(
            newPauser != address(0),
            "FiatToken: new pauser is the zero address"
        );
        require(
            newBlacklister != address(0),
            "FiatToken: new blacklister is the zero address"
        );
        require(
            newOwner != address(0),
            "FiatToken: new owner is the zero address"
        );

        name = tokenName;
        symbol = tokenSymbol;
        currency = tokenCurrency;
        decimals = tokenDecimals;
        masterMinter = newMasterMinter;
        pauser = newPauser;
        blacklister = newBlacklister;
        setOwner(newOwner);
        initialized = true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Throws if called by any account other than a minter
     */
    modifier onlyMinters() {
        require(minters[msg.sender], "FiatToken: caller is not a minter");
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Function to mint tokens
     * @param _to The address that will receive the minted tokens.
     * @param _amount The amount of tokens to mint. Must be less than or equal
     * to the minterAllowance of the caller.
     * @return A boolean that indicates if the operation was successful.
     */
    function mint(address _to, uint256 _amount)
        external
        whenNotPaused
        onlyMinters
        notBlacklisted(msg.sender)
        notBlacklisted(_to)
        returns (bool)
    {
        require(_to != address(0), "FiatToken: mint to the zero address");
        require(_amount > 0, "FiatToken: mint amount not greater than 0");

        uint256 mintingAllowedAmount = minterAllowed[msg.sender];
        require(
            _amount <= mintingAllowedAmount,
            "FiatToken: mint amount exceeds minterAllowance"
        );

        totalSupply_ = totalSupply_.add(_amount);
        balances[_to] = balances[_to].add(_amount);
        minterAllowed[msg.sender] = mintingAllowedAmount.sub(_amount);
        emit Mint(msg.sender, _to, _amount);
        emit Transfer(address(0), _to, _amount);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Throws if called by any account other than the masterMinter
     */
    modifier onlyMasterMinter() {
        require(
            msg.sender == masterMinter,
            "FiatToken: caller is not the masterMinter"
        );
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Get minter allowance for an account
     * @param minter The address of the minter
     */
    function minterAllowance(address minter) external view returns (uint256) {
        return minterAllowed[minter];
    }

    /**
     * @dev Checks if account is a minter
     * @param account The address to check
     */
    function isMinter(address account) external view returns (bool) {
        return minters[account];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Amount of remaining tokens spender is allowed to transfer on
     * behalf of the token owner
     * @param owner     Token owner's address
     * @param spender   Spender's address
     * @return Allowance amount
     */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender)
        external
        override
        view
        returns (uint256)
    {
        return allowed[owner][spender];
    }

    /**
     * @dev Get totalSupply of token
     */
    function totalSupply() external override view returns (uint256) {
        return totalSupply_;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Get token balance of an account
     * @param account address The account
     */
    function balanceOf(address account)
        external
        override
        view
        returns (uint256)
    {
        return balances[account];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Set spender's allowance over the caller's tokens to be a given
     * value.
     * @param spender   Spender's address
     * @param value     Allowance amount
     * @return True if successful
     */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 value)
        external
        override
        whenNotPaused
        notBlacklisted(msg.sender)
        notBlacklisted(spender)
        returns (bool)
    {
        _approve(msg.sender, spender, value);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Internal function to set allowance
     * @param owner     Token owner's address
     * @param spender   Spender's address
     * @param value     Allowance amount
     */
    function _approve(
        address owner,
        address spender,
        uint256 value
    ) internal override {
        require(owner != address(0), "ERC20: approve from the zero address");
        require(spender != address(0), "ERC20: approve to the zero address");
        allowed[owner][spender] = value;
        emit Approval(owner, spender, value);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer tokens by spending allowance
     * @param from  Payer's address
     * @param to    Payee's address
     * @param value Transfer amount
     * @return True if successful
     */
    function transferFrom(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 value
    )
        external
        override
        whenNotPaused
        notBlacklisted(msg.sender)
        notBlacklisted(from)
        notBlacklisted(to)
        returns (bool)
    {
        require(
            value <= allowed[from][msg.sender],
            "ERC20: transfer amount exceeds allowance"
        );
        _transfer(from, to, value);
        allowed[from][msg.sender] = allowed[from][msg.sender].sub(value);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer tokens from the caller
     * @param to    Payee's address
     * @param value Transfer amount
     * @return True if successful
     */
    function transfer(address to, uint256 value)
        external
        override
        whenNotPaused
        notBlacklisted(msg.sender)
        notBlacklisted(to)
        returns (bool)
    {
        _transfer(msg.sender, to, value);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Internal function to process transfers
     * @param from  Payer's address
     * @param to    Payee's address
     * @param value Transfer amount
     */
    function _transfer(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 value
    ) internal override {
        require(from != address(0), "ERC20: transfer from the zero address");
        require(to != address(0), "ERC20: transfer to the zero address");
        require(
            value <= balances[from],
            "ERC20: transfer amount exceeds balance"
        );

        balances[from] = balances[from].sub(value);
        balances[to] = balances[to].add(value);
        emit Transfer(from, to, value);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Function to add/update a new minter
     * @param minter The address of the minter
     * @param minterAllowedAmount The minting amount allowed for the minter
     * @return True if the operation was successful.
     */
    function configureMinter(address minter, uint256 minterAllowedAmount)
        external
        whenNotPaused
        onlyMasterMinter
        returns (bool)
    {
        minters[minter] = true;
        minterAllowed[minter] = minterAllowedAmount;
        emit MinterConfigured(minter, minterAllowedAmount);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Function to remove a minter
     * @param minter The address of the minter to remove
     * @return True if the operation was successful.
     */
    function removeMinter(address minter)
        external
        onlyMasterMinter
        returns (bool)
    {
        minters[minter] = false;
        minterAllowed[minter] = 0;
        emit MinterRemoved(minter);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @dev allows a minter to burn some of its own tokens
     * Validates that caller is a minter and that sender is not blacklisted
     * amount is less than or equal to the minter's account balance
     * @param _amount uint256 the amount of tokens to be burned
     */
    function burn(uint256 _amount)
        external
        whenNotPaused
        onlyMinters
        notBlacklisted(msg.sender)
    {
        uint256 balance = balances[msg.sender];
        require(_amount > 0, "FiatToken: burn amount not greater than 0");
        require(balance >= _amount, "FiatToken: burn amount exceeds balance");

        totalSupply_ = totalSupply_.sub(_amount);
        balances[msg.sender] = balance.sub(_amount);
        emit Burn(msg.sender, _amount);
        emit Transfer(msg.sender, address(0), _amount);
    }

    function updateMasterMinter(address _newMasterMinter) external onlyOwner {
        require(
            _newMasterMinter != address(0),
            "FiatToken: new masterMinter is the zero address"
        );
        masterMinter = _newMasterMinter;
        emit MasterMinterChanged(masterMinter);
    }
}

// File: @openzeppelin/contracts/utils/Address.sol

pragma solidity ^0.6.2;

/**
 * @dev Collection of functions related to the address type
 */
library Address {
    /**
     * @dev Returns true if `account` is a contract.
     *
     * [IMPORTANT]
     * ====
     * It is unsafe to assume that an address for which this function returns
     * false is an externally-owned account (EOA) and not a contract.
     *
     * Among others, `isContract` will return false for the following
     * types of addresses:
     *
     *  - an externally-owned account
     *  - a contract in construction
     *  - an address where a contract will be created
     *  - an address where a contract lived, but was destroyed
     * ====
     */
    function isContract(address account) internal view returns (bool) {
        // According to EIP-1052, 0x0 is the value returned for not-yet created accounts
        // and 0xc5d2460186f7233c927e7db2dcc703c0e500b653ca82273b7bfad8045d85a470 is returned
        // for accounts without code, i.e. `keccak256('')`
        bytes32 codehash;

            bytes32 accountHash
         = 0xc5d2460186f7233c927e7db2dcc703c0e500b653ca82273b7bfad8045d85a470;
        // solhint-disable-next-line no-inline-assembly
        assembly {
            codehash := extcodehash(account)
        }
        return (codehash != accountHash && codehash != 0x0);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Replacement for Solidity's `transfer`: sends `amount` wei to
     * `recipient`, forwarding all available gas and reverting on errors.
     *
     * https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-1884[EIP1884] increases the gas cost
     * of certain opcodes, possibly making contracts go over the 2300 gas limit
     * imposed by `transfer`, making them unable to receive funds via
     * `transfer`. {sendValue} removes this limitation.
     *
     * https://diligence.consensys.net/posts/2019/09/stop-using-soliditys-transfer-now/[Learn more].
     *
     * IMPORTANT: because control is transferred to `recipient`, care must be
     * taken to not create reentrancy vulnerabilities. Consider using
     * {ReentrancyGuard} or the
     * https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/v0.5.11/security-considerations.html#use-the-checks-effects-interactions-pattern[checks-effects-interactions pattern].
     */
    function sendValue(address payable recipient, uint256 amount) internal {
        require(
            address(this).balance >= amount,
            "Address: insufficient balance"
        );

        // solhint-disable-next-line avoid-low-level-calls, avoid-call-value
        (bool success, ) = recipient.call{ value: amount }("");
        require(
            success,
            "Address: unable to send value, recipient may have reverted"
        );
    }

    /**
     * @dev Performs a Solidity function call using a low level `call`. A
     * plain`call` is an unsafe replacement for a function call: use this
     * function instead.
     *
     * If `target` reverts with a revert reason, it is bubbled up by this
     * function (like regular Solidity function calls).
     *
     * Returns the raw returned data. To convert to the expected return value,
     * use https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/latest/units-and-global-variables.html?highlight=abi.decode#abi-encoding-and-decoding-functions[`abi.decode`].
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - `target` must be a contract.
     * - calling `target` with `data` must not revert.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCall(address target, bytes memory data)
        internal
        returns (bytes memory)
    {
        return functionCall(target, data, "Address: low-level call failed");
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`], but with
     * `errorMessage` as a fallback revert reason when `target` reverts.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCall(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return _functionCallWithValue(target, data, 0, errorMessage);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCall-address-bytes-}[`functionCall`],
     * but also transferring `value` wei to `target`.
     *
     * Requirements:
     *
     * - the calling contract must have an ETH balance of at least `value`.
     * - the called Solidity function must be `payable`.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCallWithValue(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        uint256 value
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        return
            functionCallWithValue(
                target,
                data,
                value,
                "Address: low-level call with value failed"
            );
    }

    /**
     * @dev Same as {xref-Address-functionCallWithValue-address-bytes-uint256-}[`functionCallWithValue`], but
     * with `errorMessage` as a fallback revert reason when `target` reverts.
     *
     * _Available since v3.1._
     */
    function functionCallWithValue(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        uint256 value,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) internal returns (bytes memory) {
        require(
            address(this).balance >= value,
            "Address: insufficient balance for call"
        );
        return _functionCallWithValue(target, data, value, errorMessage);
    }

    function _functionCallWithValue(
        address target,
        bytes memory data,
        uint256 weiValue,
        string memory errorMessage
    ) private returns (bytes memory) {
        require(isContract(target), "Address: call to non-contract");

        // solhint-disable-next-line avoid-low-level-calls
        (bool success, bytes memory returndata) = target.call{
            value: weiValue
        }(data);
        if (success) {
            return returndata;
        } else {
            // Look for revert reason and bubble it up if present
            if (returndata.length > 0) {
                // The easiest way to bubble the revert reason is using memory via assembly

                // solhint-disable-next-line no-inline-assembly
                assembly {
                    let returndata_size := mload(returndata)
                    revert(add(32, returndata), returndata_size)
                }
            } else {
                revert(errorMessage);
            }
        }
    }
}

// File: @openzeppelin/contracts/token/ERC20/SafeERC20.sol

pragma solidity ^0.6.0;

/**
 * @title SafeERC20
 * @dev Wrappers around ERC20 operations that throw on failure (when the token
 * contract returns false). Tokens that return no value (and instead revert or
 * throw on failure) are also supported, non-reverting calls are assumed to be
 * successful.
 * To use this library you can add a `using SafeERC20 for IERC20;` statement to your contract,
 * which allows you to call the safe operations as `token.safeTransfer(...)`, etc.
 */
library SafeERC20 {
    using SafeMath for uint256;
    using Address for address;

    function safeTransfer(
        IERC20 token,
        address to,
        uint256 value
    ) internal {
        _callOptionalReturn(
            token,
            abi.encodeWithSelector(token.transfer.selector, to, value)
        );
    }

    function safeTransferFrom(
        IERC20 token,
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 value
    ) internal {
        _callOptionalReturn(
            token,
            abi.encodeWithSelector(token.transferFrom.selector, from, to, value)
        );
    }

    /**
     * @dev Deprecated. This function has issues similar to the ones found in
     * {IERC20-approve}, and its usage is discouraged.
     *
     * Whenever possible, use {safeIncreaseAllowance} and
     * {safeDecreaseAllowance} instead.
     */
    function safeApprove(
        IERC20 token,
        address spender,
        uint256 value
    ) internal {
        // safeApprove should only be called when setting an initial allowance,
        // or when resetting it to zero. To increase and decrease it, use
        // 'safeIncreaseAllowance' and 'safeDecreaseAllowance'
        // solhint-disable-next-line max-line-length
        require(
            (value == 0) || (token.allowance(address(this), spender) == 0),
            "SafeERC20: approve from non-zero to non-zero allowance"
        );
        _callOptionalReturn(
            token,
            abi.encodeWithSelector(token.approve.selector, spender, value)
        );
    }

    function safeIncreaseAllowance(
        IERC20 token,
        address spender,
        uint256 value
    ) internal {
        uint256 newAllowance = token.allowance(address(this), spender).add(
            value
        );
        _callOptionalReturn(
            token,
            abi.encodeWithSelector(
                token.approve.selector,
                spender,
                newAllowance
            )
        );
    }

    function safeDecreaseAllowance(
        IERC20 token,
        address spender,
        uint256 value
    ) internal {
        uint256 newAllowance = token.allowance(address(this), spender).sub(
            value,
            "SafeERC20: decreased allowance below zero"
        );
        _callOptionalReturn(
            token,
            abi.encodeWithSelector(
                token.approve.selector,
                spender,
                newAllowance
            )
        );
    }

    /**
     * @dev Imitates a Solidity high-level call (i.e. a regular function call to a contract), relaxing the requirement
     * on the return value: the return value is optional (but if data is returned, it must not be false).
     * @param token The token targeted by the call.
     * @param data The call data (encoded using abi.encode or one of its variants).
     */
    function _callOptionalReturn(IERC20 token, bytes memory data) private {
        // We need to perform a low level call here, to bypass Solidity's return data size checking mechanism, since
        // we're implementing it ourselves. We use {Address.functionCall} to perform this call, which verifies that
        // the target address contains contract code and also asserts for success in the low-level call.

        bytes memory returndata = address(token).functionCall(
            data,
            "SafeERC20: low-level call failed"
        );
        if (returndata.length > 0) {
            // Return data is optional
            // solhint-disable-next-line max-line-length
            require(
                abi.decode(returndata, (bool)),
                "SafeERC20: ERC20 operation did not succeed"
            );
        }
    }
}

// File: contracts/v1.1/Rescuable.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

contract Rescuable is Ownable {
    using SafeERC20 for IERC20;

    address private _rescuer;

    event RescuerChanged(address indexed newRescuer);

    /**
     * @notice Returns current rescuer
     * @return Rescuer's address
     */
    function rescuer() external view returns (address) {
        return _rescuer;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Revert if called by any account other than the rescuer.
     */
    modifier onlyRescuer() {
        require(msg.sender == _rescuer, "Rescuable: caller is not the rescuer");
        _;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Rescue ERC20 tokens locked up in this contract.
     * @param tokenContract ERC20 token contract address
     * @param to        Recipient address
     * @param amount    Amount to withdraw
     */
    function rescueERC20(
        IERC20 tokenContract,
        address to,
        uint256 amount
    ) external onlyRescuer {
        tokenContract.safeTransfer(to, amount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Assign the rescuer role to a given address.
     * @param newRescuer New rescuer's address
     */
    function updateRescuer(address newRescuer) external onlyOwner {
        require(
            newRescuer != address(0),
            "Rescuable: new rescuer is the zero address"
        );
        _rescuer = newRescuer;
        emit RescuerChanged(newRescuer);
    }
}

// File: contracts/v1.1/FiatTokenV1_1.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @title FiatTokenV1_1
 * @dev ERC20 Token backed by fiat reserves
 */
contract FiatTokenV1_1 is FiatTokenV1, Rescuable {

}

// File: contracts/v2/AbstractFiatTokenV2.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

abstract contract AbstractFiatTokenV2 is AbstractFiatTokenV1 {
    function _increaseAllowance(
        address owner,
        address spender,
        uint256 increment
    ) internal virtual;

    function _decreaseAllowance(
        address owner,
        address spender,
        uint256 decrement
    ) internal virtual;
}

// File: contracts/util/ECRecover.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2016-2019 zOS Global Limited
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @title ECRecover
 * @notice A library that provides a safe ECDSA recovery function
 */
library ECRecover {
    /**
     * @notice Recover signer's address from a signed message
     * @dev Adapted from: https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/openzeppelin-contracts/blob/65e4ffde586ec89af3b7e9140bdc9235d1254853/contracts/cryptography/ECDSA.sol
     * Modifications: Accept v, r, and s as separate arguments
     * @param digest    Keccak-256 hash digest of the signed message
     * @param v         v of the signature
     * @param r         r of the signature
     * @param s         s of the signature
     * @return Signer address
     */
    function recover(
        bytes32 digest,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) internal pure returns (address) {
        // EIP-2 still allows signature malleability for ecrecover(). Remove this possibility and make the signature
        // unique. Appendix F in the Ethereum Yellow paper (https://ethereum.github.io/yellowpaper/paper.pdf), defines
        // the valid range for s in (281): 0 < s < secp256k1n ÷ 2 + 1, and for v in (282): v ∈ {27, 28}. Most
        // signatures from current libraries generate a unique signature with an s-value in the lower half order.
        //
        // If your library generates malleable signatures, such as s-values in the upper range, calculate a new s-value
        // with 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFEBAAEDCE6AF48A03BBFD25E8CD0364141 - s1 and flip v from 27 to 28 or
        // vice versa. If your library also generates signatures with 0/1 for v instead 27/28, add 27 to v to accept
        // these malleable signatures as well.
        if (
            uint256(s) >
            0x7FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF5D576E7357A4501DDFE92F46681B20A0
        ) {
            revert("ECRecover: invalid signature 's' value");
        }

        if (v != 27 && v != 28) {
            revert("ECRecover: invalid signature 'v' value");
        }

        // If the signature is valid (and not malleable), return the signer address
        address signer = ecrecover(digest, v, r, s);
        require(signer != address(0), "ECRecover: invalid signature");

        return signer;
    }
}

// File: contracts/util/EIP712.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @title EIP712
 * @notice A library that provides EIP712 helper functions
 */
library EIP712 {
    /**
     * @notice Make EIP712 domain separator
     * @param name      Contract name
     * @param version   Contract version
     * @return Domain separator
     */
    function makeDomainSeparator(string memory name, string memory version)
        internal
        view
        returns (bytes32)
    {
        uint256 chainId;
        assembly {
            chainId := chainid()
        }
        return
            keccak256(
                abi.encode(
                    // keccak256("EIP712Domain(string name,string version,uint256 chainId,address verifyingContract)")
                    0x8b73c3c69bb8fe3d512ecc4cf759cc79239f7b179b0ffacaa9a75d522b39400f,
                    keccak256(bytes(name)),
                    keccak256(bytes(version)),
                    chainId,
                    address(this)
                )
            );
    }

    /**
     * @notice Recover signer's address from a EIP712 signature
     * @param domainSeparator   Domain separator
     * @param v                 v of the signature
     * @param r                 r of the signature
     * @param s                 s of the signature
     * @param typeHashAndData   Type hash concatenated with data
     * @return Signer's address
     */
    function recover(
        bytes32 domainSeparator,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s,
        bytes memory typeHashAndData
    ) internal pure returns (address) {
        bytes32 digest = keccak256(
            abi.encodePacked(
                "\x19\x01",
                domainSeparator,
                keccak256(typeHashAndData)
            )
        );
        return ECRecover.recover(digest, v, r, s);
    }
}

// File: contracts/v2/EIP712Domain.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @title EIP712 Domain
 */
contract EIP712Domain {
    /**
     * @dev EIP712 Domain Separator
     */
    bytes32 public DOMAIN_SEPARATOR;
}

// File: contracts/v2/EIP3009.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @title EIP-3009
 * @notice Provide internal implementation for gas-abstracted transfers
 * @dev Contracts that inherit from this must wrap these with publicly
 * accessible functions, optionally adding modifiers where necessary
 */
abstract contract EIP3009 is AbstractFiatTokenV2, EIP712Domain {
    // keccak256("TransferWithAuthorization(address from,address to,uint256 value,uint256 validAfter,uint256 validBefore,bytes32 nonce)")
    bytes32
        public constant TRANSFER_WITH_AUTHORIZATION_TYPEHASH = 0x7c7c6cdb67a18743f49ec6fa9b35f50d52ed05cbed4cc592e13b44501c1a2267;

    // keccak256("ReceiveWithAuthorization(address from,address to,uint256 value,uint256 validAfter,uint256 validBefore,bytes32 nonce)")
    bytes32
        public constant RECEIVE_WITH_AUTHORIZATION_TYPEHASH = 0xd099cc98ef71107a616c4f0f941f04c322d8e254fe26b3c6668db87aae413de8;

    // keccak256("CancelAuthorization(address authorizer,bytes32 nonce)")
    bytes32
        public constant CANCEL_AUTHORIZATION_TYPEHASH = 0x158b0a9edf7a828aad02f63cd515c68ef2f50ba807396f6d12842833a1597429;

    /**
     * @dev authorizer address => nonce => bool (true if nonce is used)
     */
    mapping(address => mapping(bytes32 => bool)) private _authorizationStates;

    event AuthorizationUsed(address indexed authorizer, bytes32 indexed nonce);
    event AuthorizationCanceled(
        address indexed authorizer,
        bytes32 indexed nonce
    );

    /**
     * @notice Returns the state of an authorization
     * @dev Nonces are randomly generated 32-byte data unique to the
     * authorizer's address
     * @param authorizer    Authorizer's address
     * @param nonce         Nonce of the authorization
     * @return True if the nonce is used
     */
    function authorizationState(address authorizer, bytes32 nonce)
        external
        view
        returns (bool)
    {
        return _authorizationStates[authorizer][nonce];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Execute a transfer with a signed authorization
     * @param from          Payer's address (Authorizer)
     * @param to            Payee's address
     * @param value         Amount to be transferred
     * @param validAfter    The time after which this is valid (unix time)
     * @param validBefore   The time before which this is valid (unix time)
     * @param nonce         Unique nonce
     * @param v             v of the signature
     * @param r             r of the signature
     * @param s             s of the signature
     */
    function _transferWithAuthorization(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 value,
        uint256 validAfter,
        uint256 validBefore,
        bytes32 nonce,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) internal {
        _requireValidAuthorization(from, nonce, validAfter, validBefore);

        bytes memory data = abi.encode(
            TRANSFER_WITH_AUTHORIZATION_TYPEHASH,
            from,
            to,
            value,
            validAfter,
            validBefore,
            nonce
        );
        require(
            EIP712.recover(DOMAIN_SEPARATOR, v, r, s, data) == from,
            "FiatTokenV2: invalid signature"
        );

        _markAuthorizationAsUsed(from, nonce);
        _transfer(from, to, value);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Receive a transfer with a signed authorization from the payer
     * @dev This has an additional check to ensure that the payee's address
     * matches the caller of this function to prevent front-running attacks.
     * @param from          Payer's address (Authorizer)
     * @param to            Payee's address
     * @param value         Amount to be transferred
     * @param validAfter    The time after which this is valid (unix time)
     * @param validBefore   The time before which this is valid (unix time)
     * @param nonce         Unique nonce
     * @param v             v of the signature
     * @param r             r of the signature
     * @param s             s of the signature
     */
    function _receiveWithAuthorization(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 value,
        uint256 validAfter,
        uint256 validBefore,
        bytes32 nonce,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) internal {
        require(to == msg.sender, "FiatTokenV2: caller must be the payee");
        _requireValidAuthorization(from, nonce, validAfter, validBefore);

        bytes memory data = abi.encode(
            RECEIVE_WITH_AUTHORIZATION_TYPEHASH,
            from,
            to,
            value,
            validAfter,
            validBefore,
            nonce
        );
        require(
            EIP712.recover(DOMAIN_SEPARATOR, v, r, s, data) == from,
            "FiatTokenV2: invalid signature"
        );

        _markAuthorizationAsUsed(from, nonce);
        _transfer(from, to, value);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Attempt to cancel an authorization
     * @param authorizer    Authorizer's address
     * @param nonce         Nonce of the authorization
     * @param v             v of the signature
     * @param r             r of the signature
     * @param s             s of the signature
     */
    function _cancelAuthorization(
        address authorizer,
        bytes32 nonce,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) internal {
        _requireUnusedAuthorization(authorizer, nonce);

        bytes memory data = abi.encode(
            CANCEL_AUTHORIZATION_TYPEHASH,
            authorizer,
            nonce
        );
        require(
            EIP712.recover(DOMAIN_SEPARATOR, v, r, s, data) == authorizer,
            "FiatTokenV2: invalid signature"
        );

        _authorizationStates[authorizer][nonce] = true;
        emit AuthorizationCanceled(authorizer, nonce);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Check that an authorization is unused
     * @param authorizer    Authorizer's address
     * @param nonce         Nonce of the authorization
     */
    function _requireUnusedAuthorization(address authorizer, bytes32 nonce)
        private
        view
    {
        require(
            !_authorizationStates[authorizer][nonce],
            "FiatTokenV2: authorization is used or canceled"
        );
    }

    /**
     * @notice Check that authorization is valid
     * @param authorizer    Authorizer's address
     * @param nonce         Nonce of the authorization
     * @param validAfter    The time after which this is valid (unix time)
     * @param validBefore   The time before which this is valid (unix time)
     */
    function _requireValidAuthorization(
        address authorizer,
        bytes32 nonce,
        uint256 validAfter,
        uint256 validBefore
    ) private view {
        require(
            now > validAfter,
            "FiatTokenV2: authorization is not yet valid"
        );
        require(now < validBefore, "FiatTokenV2: authorization is expired");
        _requireUnusedAuthorization(authorizer, nonce);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Mark an authorization as used
     * @param authorizer    Authorizer's address
     * @param nonce         Nonce of the authorization
     */
    function _markAuthorizationAsUsed(address authorizer, bytes32 nonce)
        private
    {
        _authorizationStates[authorizer][nonce] = true;
        emit AuthorizationUsed(authorizer, nonce);
    }
}

// File: contracts/v2/EIP2612.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @title EIP-2612
 * @notice Provide internal implementation for gas-abstracted approvals
 */
abstract contract EIP2612 is AbstractFiatTokenV2, EIP712Domain {
    // keccak256("Permit(address owner,address spender,uint256 value,uint256 nonce,uint256 deadline)")
    bytes32
        public constant PERMIT_TYPEHASH = 0x6e71edae12b1b97f4d1f60370fef10105fa2faae0126114a169c64845d6126c9;

    mapping(address => uint256) private _permitNonces;

    /**
     * @notice Nonces for permit
     * @param owner Token owner's address (Authorizer)
     * @return Next nonce
     */
    function nonces(address owner) external view returns (uint256) {
        return _permitNonces[owner];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Verify a signed approval permit and execute if valid
     * @param owner     Token owner's address (Authorizer)
     * @param spender   Spender's address
     * @param value     Amount of allowance
     * @param deadline  The time at which this expires (unix time)
     * @param v         v of the signature
     * @param r         r of the signature
     * @param s         s of the signature
     */
    function _permit(
        address owner,
        address spender,
        uint256 value,
        uint256 deadline,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) internal {
        require(deadline >= now, "FiatTokenV2: permit is expired");

        bytes memory data = abi.encode(
            PERMIT_TYPEHASH,
            owner,
            spender,
            value,
            _permitNonces[owner]++,
            deadline
        );
        require(
            EIP712.recover(DOMAIN_SEPARATOR, v, r, s, data) == owner,
            "EIP2612: invalid signature"
        );

        _approve(owner, spender, value);
    }
}

// File: contracts/v2/FiatTokenV2.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

/**
 * @title FiatToken V2
 * @notice ERC20 Token backed by fiat reserves, version 2
 */
contract FiatTokenV2 is FiatTokenV1_1, EIP3009, EIP2612 {
    uint8 internal _initializedVersion;

    /**
     * @notice Initialize v2
     * @param newName   New token name
     */
    function initializeV2(string calldata newName) external {
        // solhint-disable-next-line reason-string
        require(initialized && _initializedVersion == 0);
        name = newName;
        DOMAIN_SEPARATOR = EIP712.makeDomainSeparator(newName, "2");
        _initializedVersion = 1;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Increase the allowance by a given increment
     * @param spender   Spender's address
     * @param increment Amount of increase in allowance
     * @return True if successful
     */
    function increaseAllowance(address spender, uint256 increment)
        external
        whenNotPaused
        notBlacklisted(msg.sender)
        notBlacklisted(spender)
        returns (bool)
    {
        _increaseAllowance(msg.sender, spender, increment);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Decrease the allowance by a given decrement
     * @param spender   Spender's address
     * @param decrement Amount of decrease in allowance
     * @return True if successful
     */
    function decreaseAllowance(address spender, uint256 decrement)
        external
        whenNotPaused
        notBlacklisted(msg.sender)
        notBlacklisted(spender)
        returns (bool)
    {
        _decreaseAllowance(msg.sender, spender, decrement);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Execute a transfer with a signed authorization
     * @param from          Payer's address (Authorizer)
     * @param to            Payee's address
     * @param value         Amount to be transferred
     * @param validAfter    The time after which this is valid (unix time)
     * @param validBefore   The time before which this is valid (unix time)
     * @param nonce         Unique nonce
     * @param v             v of the signature
     * @param r             r of the signature
     * @param s             s of the signature
     */
    function transferWithAuthorization(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 value,
        uint256 validAfter,
        uint256 validBefore,
        bytes32 nonce,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) external whenNotPaused notBlacklisted(from) notBlacklisted(to) {
        _transferWithAuthorization(
            from,
            to,
            value,
            validAfter,
            validBefore,
            nonce,
            v,
            r,
            s
        );
    }

    /**
     * @notice Receive a transfer with a signed authorization from the payer
     * @dev This has an additional check to ensure that the payee's address
     * matches the caller of this function to prevent front-running attacks.
     * @param from          Payer's address (Authorizer)
     * @param to            Payee's address
     * @param value         Amount to be transferred
     * @param validAfter    The time after which this is valid (unix time)
     * @param validBefore   The time before which this is valid (unix time)
     * @param nonce         Unique nonce
     * @param v             v of the signature
     * @param r             r of the signature
     * @param s             s of the signature
     */
    function receiveWithAuthorization(
        address from,
        address to,
        uint256 value,
        uint256 validAfter,
        uint256 validBefore,
        bytes32 nonce,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) external whenNotPaused notBlacklisted(from) notBlacklisted(to) {
        _receiveWithAuthorization(
            from,
            to,
            value,
            validAfter,
            validBefore,
            nonce,
            v,
            r,
            s
        );
    }

    /**
     * @notice Attempt to cancel an authorization
     * @dev Works only if the authorization is not yet used.
     * @param authorizer    Authorizer's address
     * @param nonce         Nonce of the authorization
     * @param v             v of the signature
     * @param r             r of the signature
     * @param s             s of the signature
     */
    function cancelAuthorization(
        address authorizer,
        bytes32 nonce,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) external whenNotPaused {
        _cancelAuthorization(authorizer, nonce, v, r, s);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Update allowance with a signed permit
     * @param owner       Token owner's address (Authorizer)
     * @param spender     Spender's address
     * @param value       Amount of allowance
     * @param deadline    Expiration time, seconds since the epoch
     * @param v           v of the signature
     * @param r           r of the signature
     * @param s           s of the signature
     */
    function permit(
        address owner,
        address spender,
        uint256 value,
        uint256 deadline,
        uint8 v,
        bytes32 r,
        bytes32 s
    ) external whenNotPaused notBlacklisted(owner) notBlacklisted(spender) {
        _permit(owner, spender, value, deadline, v, r, s);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Internal function to increase the allowance by a given increment
     * @param owner     Token owner's address
     * @param spender   Spender's address
     * @param increment Amount of increase
     */
    function _increaseAllowance(
        address owner,
        address spender,
        uint256 increment
    ) internal override {
        _approve(owner, spender, allowed[owner][spender].add(increment));
    }

    /**
     * @notice Internal function to decrease the allowance by a given decrement
     * @param owner     Token owner's address
     * @param spender   Spender's address
     * @param decrement Amount of decrease
     */
    function _decreaseAllowance(
        address owner,
        address spender,
        uint256 decrement
    ) internal override {
        _approve(
            owner,
            spender,
            allowed[owner][spender].sub(
                decrement,
                "ERC20: decreased allowance below zero"
            )
        );
    }
}

// File: contracts/v2/FiatTokenV2_1.sol

/**
 * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 CENTRE SECZ
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
 * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
 * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
 * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 *
 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
 * copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
 * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
 * SOFTWARE.
 */

pragma solidity 0.6.12;

// solhint-disable func-name-mixedcase

/**
 * @title FiatToken V2.1
 * @notice ERC20 Token backed by fiat reserves, version 2.1
 */
contract FiatTokenV2_1 is FiatTokenV2 {
    /**
     * @notice Initialize v2.1
     * @param lostAndFound  The address to which the locked funds are sent
     */
    function initializeV2_1(address lostAndFound) external {
        // solhint-disable-next-line reason-string
        require(_initializedVersion == 1);

        uint256 lockedAmount = balances[address(this)];
        if (lockedAmount > 0) {
            _transfer(address(this), lostAndFound, lockedAmount);
        }
        blacklisted[address(this)] = true;

        _initializedVersion = 2;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Version string for the EIP712 domain separator
     * @return Version string
     */
    function version() external pure returns (string memory) {
        return "2";
    }
}

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